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  Tobacco Agriculture came about in 1625, in the mountain of Lebanon and in different regions (South, north and Beqaa). At first it focused on oriental plant, then it converted to Turkish and Greek plants.

It evolved with time until it became the most important agricultural sector in Lebanon. Tobacco has played a very important role in the Lebanese economic and social life. More than 45000 people earn their living from Tobacco leaf growing.

In 1895, the manufacturing of cigarettes began, particularly in the villages of Jwar-Al-Jawz, Hammana and Antelias. The "tobacco agriculture and cigarettes industry" was an independent business, under no government control. The number of tobacco plant growers increased due to lack of regulations on the sector. Prices of Tobacco leaf witnessed a sharp decrease due to the fierce competition between the growers, thus the sector suffered substantial losses. The tobacco leaf growers were under submission of rules put in force by the owners of cigarette factories, until the monopoly rules were put by the government.

Since Lebanon and Syria were both under the French mandate during that era, they had followed the same path as France, which had reinstated the monopoly state through the setting up of an agency to manage the monopoly.
In order to protect the tobacco leaf growers, whose livelihoods depend on tobacco growing, and to increase the tobacco prices, the government assigned a management committee that would manage all tobacco cultivation and industries for the next 25 years.

Based on the High Commissioner's decision nr. 16 L.R. issued on January 30, 1935, the Regie was assigned the management of the monopoly of procurement, manufacturing and selling of tobacco and tombac.

In 1935, the monopoly was officially established under the name of "Societe Anonyme de Regie Co-Interessee Libano-Syrienne des Tabacs et Tombacs."
The government set the rules and conditions according to which the newly formed management committee would operate. One of those conditions stated that the company's return emanating from the business would amount to 5%.
  In 1959, the administrative, and financial responsibilities of the Regie, as well as the conflicts that may arise were put under the supervision of the Ministry of Finance as stipulated by the legislative decree nr. 151 issued on 12 June 1959.
After the 25 years elapse the government renewed the institution's term for anther 10 years.
In 1974, ten years had elapsed, however due to the civil war turmoil, the monopoly's terms were then only extended on a yearly basis.   On 28 November 1991, the Council of Ministers appointed a temporary management committee to manage the Regie according to the laws in force. On March 20, 1992 decree nr. 1943/1 promulgated the internal regulations for the appointed temporary management committee.
On 14 July 1992, a new temporary management committee was appointed by the Council of Ministers to manage the Regie.   On 17 March 1993, Mr. Nassif Seklaoui was appointed as "Regie's General Manager".
On 3 July 1996, the Council of Ministers appointed Dr. Issam Selman as "Management Committee Member".   On 27 December 1999, the Law nr 157 terminates retroactively, the contractual relationship between the Lebanese Republic and the Regie as of 31/12/1974.
On 11 December 2001, Eng. Nassif Seklaoui was appointed as " President of the Management Committee" and his mandate as general manager was renewed.   On 11 December 2001, Mr. Mohammad Ballouz was appointed by the Council of Ministers as a new "Management Committee Member".